Glossary of Key Terms
Akhenaten – King Tut’s father and a pharaoh who became known as the ‘heretic’ ruler for dramatically changing the religious practices of the Egyptians by creating a single god, Aten, for Egyptians to worship.
Amarna – The city created by Akhenaten to celebrate the sun god Aten.
Ankh – The Egyptian symbol of life.
Aten – The god Akhenaten created to replace the former gods of Egypt.
Ay – Means professor or teacher and also was the name of Tutankhamen’s royal tutor.
Benben Stone – The mound from which the Ennead of Heliopolis was born. It was in the shape of small pyramid and believed to be the inspiration for the shape of the pyramids and the obelisks in Egypt.
Carter, Howard – Lead British Egyptologist in the discovery of King Tutankhamen’s tomb in 1922.
The Chapin House – A 19th century Victorian mansion in the heart of Niles, Michigan that has now been converted into the town’s historic museum.
Crook – Also referred to as a staff or scepter. It was an object given to the pharaoh on his coronation as a symbol of royal power.
Cobra – A symbol of the pharaoh’s power and often worn on their crowns. A beautiful gilded wooden cobra was found in the tomb of Tutankhamen.
Dodge Brothers – Horace and John helped found the Dodge Automotive company and became major philanthropists for the city before dying in 1919 by the Spanish flu and being interred in an Egyptian style Mausoleum.
Ennead – A group of Egyptian gods, the most famous and oldest being the nine worshipped in the city of Heliopolis.
Egyptologist – An individual who specialized in the study of Ancient Egypt.
Fort St. Joseph – The original Fort founded by the French along the St. Joseph River in Niles, Michigan.
Hieroglyphics – A formal writing system used by the Egyptians that used schematized pictures.
Horemheb – One of King Tut’s successors.
Horus – One of the oldest and most important gods in Ancient Egypt. Often depicted as a falcon, he was worshipped as the god of the Sky, god of War, and god of Protection.
Meritaten – An Egyptian queen during the eighteenth dynasty.
Michigan Relics – A collection of artifacts found between 1890 and 1910 by a group of Michigan explorers. They initially claimed that the relics dated to prehistoric times only to be later disputed through carbon dating.
Nile River – The longest river in the world and a key source of life for Egyptian society. It flooded with great regularity and was used to set the calendars.
Obelisk – A tall pillar from Ancient Egypt made of a single stone slab. These four-sided monuments that were capped with pyramids came to represent symbols of the sun’s rays.
Scarab – A beetle that became a symbol of hope and renewal. It was held in the highest regard by the Egyptians and used in jewelry, government documents, and religious ceremonies. Egyptologists have found thousands of the small objects in their excavations.
Seth – The god of chaos who battled the falcon god Horus for control of the world of Egypt.
Smenkhkare – The mysterious brother of Akhenaten as well as predecessor and uncle of Tutankhamen.
Sycamore Tree – Also known as the Tree of Life, the sycamore was worshipped in Egypt and believed to connect the worlds of the living and dead.
Thebes – One of the major religious and political centers of Ancient Egypt before the capital was briefly moved to Amarna.
Tutankhamen – Also known as King Tut, he was the successor to Akhenaten and ten years old when he took the throne. His reign was short and he died unexpectedly at the age of eighteen. The discovery of his tomb in 1922 revolutionized the world of Egyptology.
Valley of the Kings – A canyon found outside of the city of Thebes by Egyptologists where a number of tombs dating to the 18th dynasty pharaohs of the New Kingdom were found.