TIMELINE of ANCIENT EGYPT
2649 B.C. - 2150 B.C. - The Old Kindgom
Best known for the pyramids of Giza and Saqqara, is one of the most dynamic and innovative periods for Egyptian culture. Not only do the Egyptians master the art of building in stone, but over a period of 500 years they define the essence of their art, establishing artistic canons that will last for more than 3,000 years.
2150 B.C. - 2030 B.C. - The Intermediate Kingdom
By the end of the Old Kingdom, centralized power has weakened. During the First Intermediate Period, Egypt is ruled by two competing dynasties, one based in the north, the other based at Thebes in the south.
2030 B.C. - 1640 B.C. - The Middle Kingdoms
Upper and Lower Egypt is reunited, establishing the capital at Thebes and ushering in the Middle Kingdom.
1557 B.C. - 1070 B.C. - The New Kingdom
The New Kingdom, sometimes referred to as the Egyptian Empire, is the period in ancient Egyptian history between the 16th century BC and the 11th century BC, covering the Eighteenth, Nineteenth, and Twentieth Dynasties of Egypt.
1550 B.C. - The 18th Dynasty
Also known as the Egyptian Empire, this period lasted for five hundred years and contained some of Egypt’s most famous pharaohs, including Hatshepsut, Akhenaten, Nefertiti, and King Tut.
1350 B.C. - Akhenaten
In the fifth year of his reign Amenhotep IV abandoned the old gods at Thebes, changed his name to Akhenaten, and created a new capital and temple to honor a the solar deity Aten.
1346 B.C. - Amarna
The city founded by Akhenaten along the east bank of the Nile River became a model for a new form of monotheistic worship during the seventeen years of its existence.
1332 B.C. - Smenkhkare
For the first year of Tutankhamen’s reign it was believed that Smenkhkare, Tut’s uncle ruled as a co-regent until the boy pharaoh had come of age.
1332 B.C. - Tutankhamen
The son of Akhenaten who ruled for only nine short years became pharaoh as a boy and his name and legacy was lost until Howard Carter discovered his tomb in 1922.
1922 C.E. - King Tut’s tomb is discovered.
Upon stumbling on a rock in the ground, Howard Carter makes one of the biggest discoveries in Egypt’s history. The discovery of the tomb and mysterious curse sets off a wave of speculation and a phenomenon in architecture known as Art Deco. The wealth of the auto industry makes Detroit a hotbed for this architecture and even Howard Carter visits as a consultant for the cities Institute of Art.